What is Nipah virus infection?
* A newly emerging viral infection
* The virus normally resides in fruit bats but can spread to animals (esp. pigs) and human beings
How does it spread to humans*
* Canspread with direct contact of infected animals (bats, pigs) or their secretions like saliva, urine, nasal secretions, meat etc.
* By eating contaminated food products (like rotten vegetables, fruits bitten by bats, raw fruit juices etc.)
* Human-to-human touch transmission through close contact with infected patients or their secretions/excretions
What are its clinical features in humans?
* Maybe asymptomatic or symptoms may appear within 4 days to 2 weeks (incubation period,max. 45 days)
* Initial flu symptoms like fever, headache, body aches, vomiting and sore throat.
* It may complicate to the person having pneumonia and severe respiratory problems (acute respiratory syndrome)
* Can get worse with brain involvement causing dizziness, drowsiness, altered consciousness and other neurological features (acute encephalitis), which may get worse further leading to fits and coma within 24 to 48 hours
* Risk of high death rate (case fatality rate: 40% to 75%)
What should I do if I suppose this infection or have these symptoms?
* Avoid close contact with others (keep at least an arm*s distance)
What is its treatment?
* No vaccine available so far
* No specific treatment of this infection
What should I do for the prevention and protection from the Virus?
* Follow universal precautions like hand washing and general hygiene
* Avoid unnecessary visit a high-risk area (like a recently-declared out break area). Keep a watch on your health if you've got travelled to such a neighborhood
* Avoid direct or close contact just in case of flu-like symptoms either in you or in others around you or at your workplace
Report any suspected case of Nipah viral infection to the concerned health authorities.